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Forest Management Plan for Anap-Muput (2011-2024)

* Revised 6th June 2017

  • 1. Sustainable Forest Management
  • The FMU is committed to Sustainable Forest Management. Management objective is production of timber without undue reduction in inherent values and future productivity of the forests and without undesirable effects on the physical and social environment.
  • 2. Management System
  • Second cycle harvest with minimal construction of new logging roads.
  • Strong emphasis on training, implementation, monitoring and assessment of Reduced Impact Logging to minimize erosion and environmental impacts.
  • Adaptive management by engaging all stakeholders and local community to resolve issues affecting conservation and community development within the regional landscape.
  • 3. Annual Allowable Cut
  • Monthly Production Limit of 7,000m3 or 84,000m3 per year for 2012/2013.
  • Minimum Yield in log volume
    Annual diameter growth at: 2m³/ha/year for trees with DBH ≥ 40cm
    1m³/ha/year for trees with DBH ≥ 60cm Recruitment and mortality at +2 trees/ha/year Growing Stock at 2-3m³/ha/year for lightly logged areas
    2-3m³/ha/year for lightly logged areas
    1.8-2.5m³/ha/year for heavily and moderately logged areas
    Harvest Efficiency at 75% x 2.0 (assumed lower average stocking) = 1.5m³/ha/year
    Yield per annum 1.5 x 83,535 = 125,302m³.
  • 4. Harvesting Plan
  • Area control based on 25 year harvest cycle excluding steep terrain, HCVFs and protected areas.
  • Harvesting area for the period 2014 - 2024.
    Coupe No. Area (ha)
    15/2014 3,260
    16/2015 3,949
    17/2016 2,223
    18/2017 3,125
    19/2018 2,168
    20/2019 3,502
    21/2020 2,526
    22/2021 2,189
    23/2022 3,549
    24/2023 3,433
  • 5. Harvest Operation Prescriptions
  • Prohibition of logging within Stream bank Buffer Reserve (SBR).
    • Preliminary research results indicated that SBR network offered useful biological corridor for wildlife in the FMU.
  • Cutting limited to trees of DBH 60cm and above for Dipterocarp species and DBH 45cm and above for Non-Dipterocarp species.
    • All relevant forest workers trained and retrained in tree species identification.
  • Reduced Impact Logging procedures.
    • Minimum road construction and just in time repair of feeder road to minimize gap and duration of exposure.
    • Training and assessment for directional tree felling.
    • Decommissioning of skid trails and feeder roads, and rehabilitation planting as post-harvest operation.
    • Environmental quality control on non-organic waste and environment monitoring report.
    • Strict enforcement of DF Circular 6/99.
    • Deploy high-lead Yarder System when conditions not suitable for tractor skidding.
  • Tree tagging and log tracking.
    • Harvestable trees tagging based on approved skid trails.
    • Systematic documentation from tree (tree tag procedure) to production (LPI tag procedure) and royalty assessment (royalty tag procedure)
      Forest Implementation Plan
  • RIL Limits
    • Maximum skidding distance must be less than 1,000m.
    • Minimum distance from the end of a skid trail to the furthest harvestable tree near to the SBR must be more than 20m.
    • Maximum allowable gradient of skid trail ≤ 30°.
    • Exception to skid trail gradient: up to 35° for a distance of less than 30m.
    • Maximum road density in a block: 10m/ha.
    • Maximum skid trail density in a block: 100m/ha.
    • Maximum allowable length of breakout from skid trail: 20m.
  • RIL Compliance Assessment
    • Environmental Management Plan in accordance with Environmental Impact Assessment Report.
    • Impact Index based on trees harvested per unit length of skid trail.
    • Monthly RIL compliance assessment based on Impact Index of skid trails of harvested block.
    • Independent external auditors for periodic assessment of RIL compliance within the Internal Audit system.
    • Post harvest and future crop report to be endorsed by independent auditors for block/coupe closure.
  • 6. Community Relation
  • Consultative frameworks to engage stakeholders at various levels of jurisdiction.
    • Consultation on culturally significant sites
    • Land use and development options
    • Social baseline studies
      Forest Implementation Plan
  • Empowerment of local community as forest manager to resolve land use conflicts, and to be responsible for conservation and community development.
    • Membership in the ASDU Liaison Committee.
    • Land use and development options.
    • AMC fund and enterprises.
  • AMC Manager for the term April 2013 - April 2016.
    Position Names Constituency
    Chairman TR. Gasah Ak Sumbang AMCA
    Vice-Chairman TR. Mapang Ak Sadan AMCM
    Secretary TR. Mawang Ak Mat
    TR. Francis Ak Muno
    AMCA
    AMCM
    Treasurer TR. Sekudan Ak Abor
    En. Enggong Ak Segei
    AMCA
    AMCM
    Member TR. Gerunsin Ak Along External

    AMCA : ASDU community at Ulu Anap
    AMCM : ASDU community at kawasan Sg. Muput
    External : Local cummunity surrounding ASDU

  • Capacity building for Community Forest Manager.
    • Contributions and training from other stakeholders.
    • Study tours and workshops.
  • 7. Environmental Impact
  • Environmental Impact Assessment Report.
    • An "Environmental Impact Assessment for the Re-Entry Hill Logging within the Anap Muput FMU under Timber Licence T/4317 & LPF/0039, Bintulu and Sibu Divisions, Sarawak" was approved by Natural Resources and Environment Board (NREB) Sarawak [(2D) NREB/6-3/2G/18 dated 26th November 2008].
    • The FMU submits quarterly EMR reports to the Natural Resources and Environment Board (NREB).
    • NREB verification and inspection visits of the FMU.
  • Recycling and disposal of scheduled wastes.
    • Waste oil and lubricant is packed in drums and transported out of the FMU to be disposed through the proper channels.
    • Scrap metals including used batteries are sold to licenced scrap metal operators.
    • Construction waste, poor and damaged tyres and other domestic solid wastes are disposed off in designated landfills located away from the waterways.
    • Selected used tyres are sent for retreading or sold to other users.
  • Chemicals and biological control agent.
    • The FMU does not employ chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides, exotic species, biological control agents or generically modified organisms in its forest management.
  • Social and biodiversity impact study.
    • ITTO MFMA Project provided extensive database from researches and consultancy reports: PD105/90 Rev.1(F), ITTO Project PD14/95 Rev.2(F), ITTO Project PD12/99 Rev.4(F).
      • Chai (1995) lists 1,305 tree and non-tree plant species in ecological plots of virgin mixed and hill Dipterocarp forest, shifting agriculture areas and logged over forest. 1,099 plants were identified to the species level representing 108 different dicotyledon, monocotyledon, gymnosperm and fern families. 103 named species were found in Dipterocarpaceae with 60 of them under the genus of Shorea. Around 700 species were trees of DBH 10cm and above. Protected trees included 4 Shorea spp., 13 species of Ficus, 2 Koompassia, Aquilaria beccariana, Goniothalamus velutinus, Areca triandra, Begonia, Cyrtandra species and Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali).
      • Stuebing (1995) surveyed four different habitat types (virgin forest, old logged forest, recently logged forests and shifting cultivation plots) in seven geographically representative types for mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibian and fish. Totally protected species recorded included 3 species of langur, Borneon gibbon, two squirrels, seven hornbills and 5 other birds, protected species included macaques, bats, tree shrews, otter, porcupine, water monitor, woodpeckers, swiftlets and owls.
    • Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) Malaysia recorded 61 species of birds and 14 species of mammal during 2 days of reconnaissance in October 2006. In a follow-up wildlife survey carried out in 2007 which cumulated in the report "Wildlife Survey of Anap-Muput FMU" (September 2008), a total of 136 species of birds, 21 species of bats and 14 species of non-volant mammals were recorded. The report considered Anap-Muput FMU as "important wildlife site as one of the few areas which still support seven species of hornbills, three out of four species of parrots in Borneo, a wide array of bird species representing 45 families, and most of the ungulates documented in Borneo."
    • Malcom & Julia Sang (2008) reported the "Structure and Species Composition of three Dipterocarp Genera in Anap Muput High Conservation Forests" at four sites representing kerangas/bindang forest and mixed dip terocarp forest at elevation between 100-250 m a.s.l. The report recorded 54 tree species from the genera of Dipterocarpus, Dryobalanops and Shorea representing 48% of the number of species from the three genera in Sarawak. Of these, 34 species are consider as threatened species; with 31 and 3 species Borneo endemic and Sarawak endemic respectively.
    • Sarawak Forest Department commissioned Envisar Sdn. Bhd. to conduct and report on "Socio-economic profiling and agroforestry options among communities within and surrounding the Anap Muput Forest Management Unit" in December 2007.
  • Protected areas.
    • SBR, wildlife resources, HCVFs, research plots and other environmentally sensitive areas are demarcated and sign posted for protection and periodic inspection where applicable.
  • 8. Researches
  • Collaboration with other agencies and organizations.
    • Sarawak Forest Department, Sarawak Forestry Corporation and Zedtee Sdn. Bhd. signed an MOU to implement "Innovative Rainforest Conservation Management in Sarawak".
    • The bulk of the project experimentation and researches are carried out within the FMU.
  • Special research collaboration:-
    • Center for Southest Asian Studies, Kyoto University.
      • Mammal diversity survey - Dr Hiromitsu Samejima
      • Bird diversity survey - Dr Motoko Fujita
      • Development of distributed runoff model for flood prediction in poor gauged basins in Borneo – Osamu Kozan
    • Field Science Education and Research Center, Kyoto University.
      • Analysis of Ecosystem Equilibrium – Naoko Tokuchi
      • Downstream Change in River Water Quality from Headwater to Coastal Area - Keitaro Fukushima
    • Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Japan.
      • Development of a Practical Method for Plant-Diversity Survey and Evaluation - Dr Miyako Koizumi
    • Other Research Projects.
      • Dr Anselm Su Ting of University of Malaya Medical Centre conducted a field survey of the FMU workmen in September 2010. A follow up study supported by Wakayama Medical University, Japan and Kinki University, Japan was carried out on the "Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome" of all the FMU tree fellers in August 2011.
      • Mr Jason Hon from Kyoto University PhD research on the use of saltlicks by wildlife and impacts of different management regimes on distribution of wildlife.
  • HCVFs.
    • The FMU identified and delineated for protection several HCVFs within and around the FMU.
    • Assessment and researches conducted within the HCVFs include:
      • Biomass study by Dr Hiromitsu Samejima to provide up-to-date information on the forest resources in the FMU. This study may determine the re-measurements of the CFI (37 clusters and 41 strips) plots in the FMU.
      • Paired-Catchment Study with Sarawak Forestry Corporation to study water PH, suspended and dissolved sediments, and water yields of four catchments within ASDU.
      • Malcom & Julia Sang (2008) reported the "Structure and Species Composition of three Dipterocarp Genera in Anap Muput High Conservation Forests" at four sites representing kerangas/bindang forest and mixed dipterocarp forest at elevation between 100-250 m a.s.l. The report recorded 54 tree species from the genera of Dipterocarpus, Dryobalanops and Shorea representing 48% of the number of species from the three genera in Sarawak. Of these, 34 species are consider as threatened species; with 31 and 3 species Borneo endemic and Sarawak endemic respectively.
  • Publications and Public Information.
    • "Wildlife and natural mineral licks inside a production forest – a study in Anap Sustainable Development Unit in Central Sarawak, Malaysia." - Global Center of Excellence (GCOE) Kyoto University-University of Malaya Newsletter Issue 3 Vol.2
    • Poster "Caught on Camera in Malaysia Borneo" by Jason Hon and Yukihiro Morimoto.
    • "Innovative Empowerment of Local Communities for Sustainable Forest Management in Sarawak" by Haji Sapuan Ahmad (Sarawak Forest Department), Dr Henry Chan (Sarawak Forestry Corporation) and Wong Ing Yung (Zedtee Sdn. Bhd.) during the 16th Malaysian Forestry Conference in December 2011.
    • "Inventory of wildlife for sustainable forest management" by Dr. Hiromitsu Samejima during an international seminar in Kuching, Sarawak on 29th June 2012.
  • Forest Management Plan for Anap Muput (Revised 1st December 2016)
  • The revised "Forest Management Plan for Anap Muput (2017-2024) dated 1st December 2016" was approved by Sarawak Forest Department on 19 December 2016.

    The revision incorporated addenda to "FMP (2011-2024) dated 11 January 2011" which could be summarised as:

    This is the fifth revision to the Forest Management Plan (FMP) for Anap Muput under the Timber License T/4317 affecting the remaining seven years of the second harvest cycle harvest period of 2017-2024.

    Significant development affecting Anap Sustainable Development Unit (ASDU) for the review of the FMP of Anap Muput FMU include:

    • Changes in ASDU community composition, demography and socio-environmental circumstances.
    • Construction of Sangan-Melukun road (first phase) terminating 6 km from Sungai Muput Kanan for access to Anap Muput FMU.
    • Decommissioning of log pond at Sangan and re-establishment of Sekawie camp as the Place of Royalty Marking (PoRM).
    • Conclusion of the MOU for the implementation of "Innovative Rainforest Conservation & Management" (IRCM) Plan which contributed to the empowerment of land users to invest in forest plantation as livelihood option under the Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative.
    • Conclusions and recommendations of the Ishikawa Kiban S Project on researches in ASDU as reported in the Equatorial Biomass Society publications (2012-2014).
    • Research collaboration with Kyushu University.
    • Collaboration with Sarawak Forestry Corporation on:
      • Permanent Sampling Plot Network
      • Resource inventory and yield modelling
      • Conservation Management Internship Programme

    The harvest prescriptions of 60/45 cm DBH and 25 year harvest cycle have been maintained until the new policy and prescriptions for sustainable forest management and certification could be clarified and implemented state wide.

    The Forest Management Plan shall be reviewed every five years or sooner to reflect significant changes to the circumstances surrounding the FMU.

    The T/4317 Timber License is due for renewal on 18th March 2024 until the formal award of "60-years Licence Tenure" vide [DF.972.132 (JLD.2)-44 dated 22 April 2015].

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