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High Conservation Value Forests (HCVFs)

  1. Anap-Muput FMU may qualify as a HCVF in its management of natural forest in a regional landscape dominated by planted forests.
  2. The elements constituting High Conservation Value as defined by "High Conservation Value Forest (HCVF) Toolkit for Malaysia – Oct 2009 WWF" could all be represented except for HCV6 – Forest areas critical to local communities' traditional cultural identity.
  3. Anap-Muput FMU through 5 years of post ITTO MFMA consultation with Sarawak Forestry Corporation identified two HCVFs:
    • Site 1 - 58 hectares in Coupe 16 (Kapur)
    • Site 2 – 220 hectares in Coupe 24 (Bindang)
    • for management of :-
    • HCV1 - Biodiversity values
    • HCV2 - Landscape-level forest
    Assessments of HCVFs were carried out by Sarawak Forestry Corporation culminating in the report of "Structure and Species Composition of Three Dipterocarp Genera in Anap Muput High Conservation Value Forests".

    Management is primarily demarcation of area for protection, periodic inspection and maintenance of boundaries and signs.

    Monitoring of biodiversity values have been initiated in collaboration with research institutions and universities.

    Preliminary results had been reported in the Forest Management Plan and updated in the related researches.
  4. Continuing HCVF Consultation
    • Sarawak Forestry Corporation (SFC) organised "Stakeholders Consultation on High Conservation Value Forests (HCVFs) at Anap-Muput Forest Management Unit" on 27 February 2013.
    • The participants included officers and representative from Sarawak Forestry Corporation, Forest Department Sarawak (FDS), Sarawak Natural Resource and Environment Board (NREB), Wildlife Conservation Society Malaysia (WCS), Malaysia Nature Society (MNS) and WWF-Malaysia. Mr Jason Hon and Dr Hiromitsu Samejima of Kyoto University also provided personal data, comments and suggestions by communication in absentia. The HCVFs identified and demarcated pending outcome of further assessment consist of:-
    • HCVF1 – Kapur dominant MDF forest of 58 ha
    • HCVF2 – Bindang dominant/kerangas forest of 220 ha
    • These HCVFs are designated "reserve forests" which have been duly demarcated on the ground for protection from encroachment and harvest. A total of 34 species of the 3 genera of Dipterocarp (Dipterocarpus, Dryobalanops and Shorea) listed under the IUCN Redlist were recorded in these HCVFs. SFC and Kyoto University maintain a continuing study of these 2 HCVFs.
    • This consultation in Kuching was preceded by Anap Sustainable Development Unit (ASDU) Liaison Committee meeting dated 25 February 2013 chaired by Sarawak Forestry Corporation at Sekawie Camp and "Stakeholder Consultation on Forest areas critical to basic needs of local community and Forest areas critical to local communities' traditional cultural identity".
    • The local community represented by the Community CCD ExCo (also known as AMC Manager) identified water catchments for Rh Mawang and Rh Philip within the FMU as critical to basic needs.
    • Forest areas critical to traditional cultural identity like "pendam" (Burial Site) and Bekililing (Ritual Ground) at Ulu Anap are located downstream from Rh Entrie outside the FMU. A pendam associated with Rh Mancha is located on the bank of Batang Anap adjacent to Block 54 of Coupe 5.
    • Anap-Muput FMU also participated in the "HCVF Workshop" organised by Sarawak Timber Association on 12 March 2013 to consider the perspectives offered by WWF-Malaysia, Proforest and WildAsia, and the application of the HCVF toolkit on the assessment of Kubaan-Puak FMU. The HCVFs identified and demarcated for Anap-Muput FMU were presented to the assembled experts and peer members for information.
    • ASDULC Committee Meeting at Bukit Kana dated 21 May 2014 included consultation with the Anap Muput Community on HCVFs in its agenda.
  5. ASDU Liaison Committee meeting dated 15 March 2016 recorded information by Tr Mawang Ak Mat on the presence of a Bekatan (called Bukitan by the Iban) grave within the Temuda on the south bank (outside Anap Muput FMU) of Ulu Sungai Anap downriver from Nanga Dakat near Rh. Mawang.
    • This burial ground and the naming of the rivers in ulu Anap (for example, Sungai Ayam is anecdotally named after pangoline in Bekatan) supported the view that the Bekatan and the Tatau were the first inhabitants of the ulu Anap basin although they also originated from West Kalimantan around the Mandai River. (Ethnoscape of Riverine Society in Bintulu Division- Yumi Kato et al 2014).

      Presently, Bekatan settlements in the Anap basin are represented by Rh Jatun and Rh Banda located outside ASDU downstream from Sungai Malat.
  6. Researches and Assessment

    An assessment of the "Above Ground Biomass" (AGB) and Tree Species Diversity in HCVF1 and HCVF2 was made in 2011-2013 with the following results:
    • a. AGB of HCVFs representing the original forests were 595.0± 157.1 t/ha compared with 338.8± 197.1 t/ha of all plots.
    • b. Specie was not very different between HCVFs and normal logging areas with 137-170 species in four plots.
      [Hiromitsu Samejima, Malcom Damies & Miyako Koizumi: Above Ground Biomass & Tree Speices Diversity in Anap Sustainable Development Unit, with the focus on High Conservation Value Forest (HCVF) Equatorial Biomass Society No. 10 (2014)]
  7. Management Report of HCVA 2017
    • HCVA Attribute Area(ha) Location/km Elevation/masl Soil type
      1 Kapur dominant forest 58 84 270-420 RYP/Skel
      2 Kerangas: Rhu/Bindang 220 93 240-270 Podzol
    • Two HCVA for "Kapur" and "Kerangas" had been identified, demarcated on GHP/GIBD, and maintained.

      SFC had conducted an assessment of the three genera of the Dipterocarps listed by IUCN in the Kapur HCVA and produced a training manual for species identification. The Ishikawa Kiban S Project had conducted "Above Ground Biomass" assessment and vascular plants survey within the HCVAs.

      Management recommended by SFC and the research scientists were to protect the areas from encroachment. These HCVAs are clearly demarcated on the GHP, marked and sign posted on the ground and subject to monitoring and annual surveillance for effective protection.

      Boundary surveillance of the HCVAs conducted in May 2017 reported that there were no sign of encroachment or disturbance within and surrounding the protected sites.

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